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What Does Saturation Mean in Photography?

In photography, the term ‘saturation’ describes the depth or intensity of colour present within an image. Saturation is also referred to as ‘chroma’; The more saturated an image is the more colourful and vibrant it will appear, less colour saturation will make an image appear subdued or muted. Black and white images contain no colour saturation, instead of being rendered in greyscale tones. The saturation levels of an image can be altered by using filters to reduce the number of certain wavelengths of light reaching a photographic recording medium, or in post-processing using the saturation slider in digital image processing software.

High levels of colour saturation in a vibrant scene.