The Evolution of the Canon 400mm f/2.8 Lens

When I poured a cup of coffee to sit down and write about today’s latest Canon announcements, I didn’t plan on writing this particular piece. As I read the incoming information about the new Canon 400mm f/2.8 L IS III, though, I couldn’t help but be staggered by the enormous weight savings they had achieved. The Mark II version of this lens was launched back in 2011 and I remembered at the time that weight savings were the primary talking point. I knew they would shave some weight off for the Mark III, but I was not at all prepared for them to shave off over 1KG.

While the Mark II version weighed 3,850g, the new Mark III version weighs just 2,840g. A 26% reduction! In fact, this makes it the lightest 400mm f/2.8 lens on the market, and that’s a solid achievement because just a few months ago people were swooning over the light weight of the new Sony E-Mount 400mm. Not only is Canon’s new lens lighter than the Sony one, but Sony were at a considerable design advantage because their mirrorless mount diameter is considerably smaller than an EF mount. Kudos, Canon.

All this got me wondering about the weights of previous EF 400mm lenses, though, so I did some quick digging and compiled this data table.

Lens Launched Weight
% Weight reduction from previous
Ef 400mm f/2.8 L 1991 6450g N/A
Ef 400mm f/2.8 L II 1996 5910g 8.4
Ef 400mm f/2.8 L IS 1999 5370g 9.1
EF 400mm f/2.8 L IS II 2011 3850g 28.3
EF 400mm f/2.8 L IS III 2018 2840g 26.2


As you can see from the table, the weight reduction in moving from the Mark I IS lens to the Mark II IS lens was of a roughly equivalent percentage to those that we have seen this year in moving from Mark II to Mark III. Another point of note is that the new Mark III lens weighs just 44% of the weight of the original EF 400mm f/2.8 L.

How exactly has Canon achieved these weight savings?

The optical design has changed with each new version of the lens, but it’s not simply a case of having less optical elements with each one. In fact the first IS version of the lens had more optical elements than the first two non-IS lenses, and yet still managed to shave a few grams off the weight.

Most of the weight savings for the 2011 weight reduction came from the implementation of magnesium alloy constructions with titanium components. For the new Mark III 2018 version Canon significantly changed the internal location of several of the large UD lens groupings, as seen in the diagram below. By shifting these large lens elements back towards the mount, you can immediately see that they are significantly smaller. Canon USA also notes that the image stabilizer mechanism has undergone some improvements to make it lighter in the new Mark III lenses, and a redesigned barrel also shaves off even more weight.

Photo of author

Dan Carr

Professional photographer based in Yukon, Canada, and founder of Shutter Muse. His editorial work has been featured in publications all over the world, and his commercial clients include brands such as Nike, Apple, Adobe and Red Bull.

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8 thoughts on “The Evolution of the Canon 400mm f/2.8 Lens”

  1. Hi there read your info on the diffrent versions of the 400
    My question is have you any idea how long canon will service /repair the IS mk ii version?

    • I’m afraid I have no idea. I would say at least another 5 years, possibly much more. Also, as a side point, I have had several Canon super tele lenses and they have never needed servicing, so the end of service life doesn’t mean a death sentence.

  2. Hi, I’ve seen a couple of non IS versions for sale, what can you tell about the image quality of those compared with the newer IS versions?
    I’ve seen comparisons between version I and II (both IS), and the differences are more in weight as you mention than in quality.

    • Unfortunately I don’t have experience with that lens myself. One thing to keep in mind is that it is out of repair cycle with Canon. So if you do buy one and it goes wrong, you won’t be able to send to Canon for repair.

  3. Back around 2010 I bought a used EF 400mm f/2.8L mkII (not IS) and it was badly front focused. Canon wouldn’t touch it. But I found a shop in Michigan ( that had the equipment to fix the focus. Even when canon no longer services these older lenses their often are others that will


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